• What is a sleep study?

    A sleep study is a test which monitors and charts brain waves, heart rhythm, and breathing as the patient sleeps. It also records eye and leg movements as well as muscle tension. Sensors are placed on the head, face, chest, and legs which send electrical signals to a computer where the sleep activity is recorded. The recording is then interpreted by a Board Certified Sleep Medicine specialist. Sleep disorders are debilitating and often life-threatening conditions. Some of the common sleep disorders are outlined below.
  • What is sleep apnea?

    Sleep apnea occurs when you regularly stop breathing (apnea) or experience shallow breathing (hypopnea) for 10 seconds or longer during sleep. Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) occurs when a blockage or narrowing of the airways is present. Often throat muscles and the tongue relax during sleep and partially block the airway. Bone deformities, enlarged tonsils and obesity can cause OSA.
  • What is narcolepsy?

    Narcolepsy is a chronic neurological disorder that causes overwhelming urges to sleep. Episodes may cause involuntary sleep while working, talking, eating, or driving or cause sudden loss of voluntary muscle tone.
  • What are the risks of sleep disorders?

    If you have a sleep disorder in addition to excessive sleepiness and fatigue, you may be at risk for high blood pressure, heart failure, high blood pressure in the lungs (pulmonary hypertension), irregular heart rhythms, coronary artery disease, and stroke or auto accidents.
  • How is sleep apnea treated?

    Continuous Positive Airway Pressure, C-PAP, is a noninvasive therapy commonly used to treat sleep apnea. Other treatments may include life style changes, medications, or surgery.
  • What is emphysema?

    Emphysema is a lung condition in which tiny air sacs in the lungs - alveoli - fill up with air. As the air continues to build up in these sacs, they expand, and may break or become damaged and form scar tissue. The patient becomes progressively short of breath. Emphysema is a type of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). The main cause of emphysema is long-term regular smoking.
  • What is COPD?

    COPD, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, is a progressive disease that makes it hard to breathe. "Progressive" means the disease gets worse over time. COPD can cause coughing that produces large amounts of mucus (a slimy substance), wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and other symptoms.

    Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of COPD. Most people who have COPD smoke or used to smoke. Long-term exposure to other lung irritants—such as air pollution, chemical fumes, or dust—also may contribute to COPD.

  • What is asthma?

    Asthma is a disease that affects your lungs. It is one of the most common long-term diseases of children, but adults can have asthma, too. Asthma causes wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness, and coughing at night or early in the morning. If you have asthma, you have it all the time, but you will have asthma attacks only when something bothers your lungs.
  • What is an asthma attack?

    An asthma attack may include coughing, chest tightness, wheezing, and trouble breathing. The attack happens in your body’s airways, which are the paths that carry air to your lungs. As the air moves through your lungs, the airways become smaller, like the branches of a tree are smaller than the tree trunk. During an asthma attack, the sides of the airways in your lungs swell and the airways shrink. Less air gets in and out of your lungs, and mucous that your body makes clogs up the airways even more.
  • What causes an asthma attack?

    An asthma attack can happen when you are exposed to “asthma triggers.” Your triggers can be very different from those of someone else with asthma. Know your triggers and learn how to avoid them. Watch out for an attack when you can’t avoid the triggers. Some of the most common triggers are:

      Tobacco Smoke
      Dust Mites
      Outdoor Air Pollution
      Cockroach Allergen
  • How is asthma treated?

    Control your asthma and avoid an attack by taking your medicine exactly as your doctor tells you and by staying away from things that can trigger an attack. Everyone with asthma does not take the same medicine. Some medicines can be breathed in, and some can be taken as a pill. Asthma medicines come in two types—quick-relief and long-term control. Quick-relief medicines control the symptoms of an asthma attack. If you need to use your quick-relief medicines more and more, visit your doctor to see if you need a different medicine. Long-term control medicines help you have fewer and milder attacks, but they don’t help you while you are having an asthma attack.